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This article has been peer reviewed. It is the author’s final published version in Oncotarget

Volume 8, Issue 23, March 2014, Pages 37423-37434.

The published version is available at DOI: 10.18632/oncotarget.16965. Copyright © Jiang et al.


Intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) is a prominent feature of kidney cancer. It is not known whether it has utility in finding associations between protein expression and clinical parameters. We used ITH that is detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) to aid the association analysis between the loss of SWI/SNF components and clinical parameters.160 ccRCC tumors (40 per tumor stage) were used to generate tissue microarray (TMA). Four foci from different regions of each tumor were selected. IHC was performed against PBRM1, ARID1A, SETD2, SMARCA4, and SMARCA2. Statistical analyses were performed to correlate biomarker losses with patho-clinical parameters. Categorical variables were compared between groups using Fisher's exact tests. Univariate and multivariable analyses were used to correlate biomarker changes and patient survivals. Multivariable analyses were performed by constructing decision trees using the classification and regression trees (CART) methodology. IHC detected widespread ITH in ccRCC tumors. The statistical analysis of the "Truncal loss" (root loss) found additional correlations between biomarker losses and tumor stages than the traditional "Loss in tumor (total)". Losses of SMARCA4 or SMARCA2 significantly improved prognosis for overall survival (OS). Losses of PBRM1, ARID1A or SETD2 had the opposite effect. Thus "Truncal Loss" analysis revealed hidden links between protein losses and patient survival in ccRCC.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

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