Background: Heart failure (HF) is a complex clinical syndrome with symptoms and signs that result from any structural or functional impairment of ventricular filling or ejection of blood. Limited data is available regarding the in-hospital outcomes of TAVR compared to SAVR in the octogenarian population with HF.
Methods: The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used to compare TAVR versus SAVR among octogenarians with HF. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. The secondary outcome included acute kidney injury (AKI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), post-procedural stroke, major bleeding, blood transfusions, sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), cardiogenic shock (CS), and mechanical circulatory support (MCS).
Results: A total of 74,995 octogenarian patients with HF (TAVR-HF n = 64,890 (86.5%); SAVR n = 10,105 (13.5%)) were included. The median age of patients in TAVR-HF and SAVR-HF was 86 (83-89) and 82 (81-84) respectively. TAVR-HF had lower percentage in-hospital mortality (1.8% vs. 6.9%;p < 0.001), CVA (2.5% vs. 3.6%; p = 0.009), SCA (9.9% vs. 20.2%; p < 0.001), AKI (17.4% vs. 40.8%); p < 0.001), major transfusion (26.4% vs 67.3%; p < 0.001), CS (1.8% vs 9.8%; p < 0.001), and MCS (0.8% vs 7.3%; p < 0.001) when compared to SAVR-HF. Additionally, post-procedural stroke and major bleeding showed no significant difference. The median unmatched total charges for TAVR-HF and SAVR-HF were 194,561$ and 246,100$ respectively.
Conclusion: In this nationwide observational analysis, TAVR is associated with an improved safety profile for octogenarians with heart failure (both preserved and reduced ejection fraction) compared to SAVR.
Sattar, Yasar; Song, David; Almas, Talal; Zghouzi, Mohamed; Talib, Usama; Suleiman, Abdul-Rahman M; Ahmad, Bachar; Arshad, Junaid; Ullah, Waqas; Zia Khan, Muhammad; Bianco, Christopher M; Bagur, Rodrigo; Rashid, Muhammad; Mamas, Mamas A; and Alraies, M Chadi, "Cardiovascular Outcomes and Trends of Transcatheter vs. Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement Among Octogenarians With Heart Failure: A Propensity Matched National Cohort Analysis" (2022). Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers. Paper 106.
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