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This article is the author's final published version in Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica, Volume 57, Issue 5, September 2023, Pg. 192 - 203.

The published version is available at Copyright © 2023 Turkish Association of Orthopaedics and Traumatology.


Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a severe complication that can occur after major orthopedic procedures. As VTE-related morbidity and mortality are a significant concern for both medical professionals and patients, and preventative measures are typically employed. Multiple organizations, including the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS), have developed guidelines for VTE prophylaxis specifically in patients undergoing joint replacement procedures. However, recently, the International Consensus Meeting (ICM) was convened, which brought together over 600 experts from 68 countries and 135 international societies. These experts, spanning a range of medical disciplines including orthopedic surgery, anesthesia, cardiology, hematology, vascular, and internal medicine, conducted a comprehensive review of the literature using a strict Delphi process to generate practical recommendations for VTE prophylaxis across all types of orthopedic procedures. This review article summarizes some of the recommendations of the ICM.

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