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This article is the author's final published version in Open Forum Infectious Diseases, Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2021, Article number ofaa625.

The published version is available at

Copyright © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs licence (, which permits non-commercial reproduction and distribution of the work, in any medium, provided the original work is not altered or transformed in any way, and that the work is properly cited. For commercial re-use, please contact


Background: Switching antiretroviral therapy (ART) in people with HIV (PWH) can influence their risk for drug-drug interactions (DDIs). The purpose of this study was to assess changes in the incidence and severity of DDIs among PWH who switched their ART to bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF).

Methods: This was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of PWH on ART and at least 1 concomitant medication (CM) who switched to BIC/FTC/TAF between 3/2018 and 6/2019. Using the University of Liverpool's HIV Drug Interaction Database, 2 DDI analyses were performed for each patient. The first assessed patients' preswitch ART regimens with their CM list. The second assessed the same CM list with BIC/FTC/TAF. Each ART-CM combination was given a score of 0 (no or potential weak interaction), 1 (potential interaction), or 2 (contraindicated interaction). A paired

Results: Among 411 patients, 236 (57%) had at least 1 DDI present at baseline. On average, baseline DDI scores (SD) were 1.4 (1.8) and decreased by 1 point (95% CI, -1.1 to -0.8) after patients switched to BIC/FTC/TAF (

Conclusions: Treatment-experienced PWH eligible to switch their ART may experience significant declines in number and severity of DDIs if switched to BIC/FTC/TAF.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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