Of all the types of natural disasters that occur in the United States, hurricanes are among the most common. Throughout recent decades there has been a noted rise in the effects of climate change, which has resulted in the increasing frequency, intensity, and adverse mental health effects of hurricanes. This scoping review aims to identify mental health interventions that have been implemented between 2005 and 2015 for hurricanes occurring in the lower 48 United States and to determine which of those have reportedly been successful at reducing negative mental health outcomes or decreasing severity of adverse mental health symptoms in hurricane survivors. By utilizing the PubMed and Scopus databases, a total of 505 articles were collected and subjected to screening. The screening process resulted in the identification of 12 papers to be included in the final review. Eleven of these twelve papers discussed post-disaster interventions. The results of this scoping review show that cognitive behavioral therapy post disaster (CBT-PD), psychotherapy, case triage, and psychological first aid have been clinically effective at addressing mental health issues in hurricane survivors. Results also provide suggestions for the use of web and phone-based interventions for disaster survivors to address barriers to providing and receiving mental health care after a hurricane. Federally funded crisis counseling, another frequently implemented post-disaster intervention, is missing literature on its efficacy as an intervention. More research is needed in the area of whether crisis counseling is an effective post-disaster intervention along with pre-disaster planning and during-disaster interventions.
Klein, Melissa, "Effective Mental Health Interventions for Hurricane Survivors: A Scoping Review" (2023). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 500.