The purpose of this study was to determine the association between acculturation of Hispanic-American immigrants and the individual's likelihood of being diagnosed with hypertension (high blood pressure), after controlling for demographics and health behaviors. Data was taken from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Center for Health Policy Research website, where the California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data is publicly available. A subset of the 2014 dataset was selected to include Hispanic immigrants who participated in the survey (n=3,793). After running bivariate regression analyses with commonly used measures of acculturation in CHIS 2014, the final variable chosen for acculturation was years lived in the United States. Then, a multivariate logistic regression was conducted to identify if acculturation was significantly related to hypertension diagnoses after controlling for potential confounders. We found that acculturation was associated with a hypertension diagnosis, illustrating that Mexicans who were U.S. born were 1.48 times more likely to be diagnosed with hypertension than those who lived in the U.S. for 15 years or less. It can be concluded that the process of acculturation, through adopting a more American diet, in addition to gaining health insurance through employment or government aid most highly influence a hypertension diagnosis or lead to initial diagnosis of hypertension.
Scalzo, Lia, "Borders and Blood Pressure: Identifying the Association of Acculturation with Hypertension Diagnoses Among Hispanic-American Immigrants" (2017). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 203.