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This article is the author's final published version in Blood Advances, Volume 8, Issue 5, March 2024, Pages 1200 - 1208.

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Copyright © 2024 by The American Society of Hematology.


Patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) require extensive care. Using the Merative MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database (2016 Q1-2020 Q2), we quantified the costs of care and assessed real-world complication rates among commercially insured US patients diagnosed with a hematologic malignancy and aged between 12 and 64 years undergoing inpatient allo-HCT. Health care resource use and costs were assessed from 100 days before HCT to 100 days after HCT. Primary hospitalization was defined as the time from HCT until first discharge date. Incidence of complications was assessed using medical billing codes from HCT date to 100 days after HCT. Among the 1082 patients analyzed, allo-HCT grafts included peripheral blood (79%), bone marrow (11%), and umbilical cord blood (3%). In the 100 days after HCT, 52% of the patients experienced acute graft-versus-host disease; 21% had cytomegalovirus infection. The median primary hospitalization length of stay (LOS) was 28 days; 31% required readmission in first 100 days after HCT. Across the transplant period (14 days pretransplant to 100 days posttransplant), 44% of patients were admitted to the intensive care unit with a median LOS of 29 days. Among those with noncapitated health plans (n = 937), median cost of all-cause health care per patient during the transplant period was $331 827, which was driven by primary hospitalization and readmission. Additionally, the predicted median incremental costs per additional day in an inpatient setting increased with longer LOS (eg, $3381-$4071, 10th-20th day.) Thus, decreasing length of primary hospitalization and avoiding readmissions should significantly reduce the allo-HCT cost of care.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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