The activity-induced transcription factor ∆FosB has been implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a critical regulator of hippocampal function and cognition downstream of seizures and network hyperexcitability. With its long half-life (> 1 week), ∆FosB is well-poised to modulate hippocampal gene expression over extended periods of time, enabling effects to persist even during seizure-free periods. However, the transcriptional mechanisms by which ∆FosB regulates hippocampal function are poorly understood due to lack of identified hippocampal gene targets. To identify putative ∆FosB gene targets, we employed high-throughput sequencing of genomic DNA bound to ∆FosB after chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP-sequencing). We compared ChIP-sequencing results from hippocampi of transgenic mice expressing mutant human amyloid precursor protein (APP) and nontransgenic (NTG) wild-type littermates. Surprisingly, only 52 ∆FosB gene targets were shared between NTG and APP mice; the vast majority of targets were unique to one genotype or the other. We also found a functional shift in the repertoire of ∆FosB gene targets between NTG and APP mice. A large number of targets in NTG mice are involved in neurodevelopment and/or cell morphogenesis, whereas in APP mice there is an enrichment of targets involved in regulation of membrane potential and neuronal excitability. RNA-sequencing and quantitative PCR experiments confirmed that expression of putative ∆FosB gene targets were altered in the hippocampus of APP mice. This study provides key insights into functional domains regulated by ∆FosB in the hippocampus, emphasizing remarkably different programs of gene regulation under physiological and pathological conditions.
You, Jason C.; Stephens, Gabriel S.; Fu, Chia-Hsuan; Zhang, Xiaohong; Liu, Yin; and Chin, Jeannie, "Genome-wide profiling reveals functional diversification of ∆FosB gene targets in the hippocampus of an Alzheimer's disease mouse model." (2018). Department of Neuroscience Faculty Papers. Paper 31.
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