Document Type


Publication Date



Poster presented at "Medicine Meets Virtual Reality" conference February 8-12, 2011 in Newport Beach, California.


Turning 2D CT/PET slices into 3D objects assists in understanding the topology surrounding tumor masses. Incorporating the visual and physical characteristics of a patient’s anatomy will provide surgeons with an informative pre-operative tool to plan and practice the operation before the first incision. Including haptic feedback provides a familiar 'feel' to surgeons as they palpate the target organ, trying to locate the tumor and determine how large a margin of resection will be needed. The development of genetic PET imaging and contrast CT into a combined visual will further improve the surgeons’ knowledge by more accurately pinpointing malignant tissue and any hidden blood vessels.