Effects of diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease on major outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Mark W. Berguson, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Hong Liu, Rohinton Morris, and Jianzhong Sun
• Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD typically manifests in late stages of DM.
• DM and CKD are prevalent in patients with cardiovascular disease.
• The impact of concurrent DM and CKD on major adverse cardiocerebral events (MACE) in patients undergoing cardiac surgery remains unclear.1,2
To determine the effect of DM and CKD on major outcomes in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.
Amir C. Dayan, MD and Richard H. Epstein, MD
- An intact pilot balloon is crucial to proper function of a cuffed endotracheal tube (ETT).
- Failure of the pilot balloon or disruption of the inflation tubing results in cuff deflation which may lead to inadequate ventilation and aspiration of oropharyngeal secretions.
- We describe a method that we employed using readily available components to repair a pilot balloon and inflation tubing, and report on the effectiveness of the repair method, as tested in vitro.
Effects of preoperative aspirin on major outcomes in graded high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Qian Ding, Eric Yuen, Mark Berguson, Hong Liu, Linong Yao, Jordan E. Goldhammer, and Jianzhong Sun
- Among patients with cardiovascular disease, nearly 70% take preventive aspirin.1
- The benefits of aspirin are greater as a patient’s risk of cardiovascular events increases; patients with a lower risk of cardiovascular events derive less of a benefit from aspirin.2
- The effect of aspirin in surgical patients has not yet been investigated, in particular if there is an optimal effect based on operative risk when undergoing cardiac surgery.
To determine the effects of preoperative aspirin on major outcomes after cardiac surgery in patients with low, medium, and high predicted operative mortality as determined by the EuroSCORE risk model.
Preoperative aspirin and major perioperative outcomes in patients with hypertension undergoing cardiac surgery
Qian Ding, Eric Yuen, Mark Berguson, Hong Liu, Linong Yao, Rohinton Morris, and Jianzhong Sun
- Hypertension is prevalent in patients undergoing cardiac surgery and associated with a higher incidence of cardiovascular complications.
- Aspirin has been shown to prevent cardiovascular events in patients with a high risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Very few studies have investigated aspirin and hypertension, particularly its effects on major outcomes in hypertensive patients undergoing cardiac surgery.1,2
To determine the effects of preoperative aspirin on postoperative outcomes for patients with hypertension undergoing cardiac surgery.
To examine the impact of chronic kidney disease and heart failure superimposed with hypertension on outcomes after cardiac surgery.