Document Type


Publication Date



This article is the author's final published version in Medicina, Volume 60, Issue 2, 8 February 2024, Article number 287.

The published version is available at Copyright © 2024 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


Background and Objectives: Dry eye disease (DED) affects 5–50% of the global population and deeply influences everyday life activities. This study compared the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of novel Respilac artificial tears containing lipidure and hypromellose (HPMC) with the widely used Nextal artificial tears, which are also HPMC-based, for the treatment of moderate DED in contact lenses (CL) wearers.

Materials and Methods: In a prospective, single-center, randomized investigation, 30 patients aged ≥18 years, diagnosed with moderate DED, and wearing CL were randomly assigned to the Respilac (n = 15) or Nextal group (n = 15). Patients self-administrated one drop of Respilac or Nextal in both eyes three times daily for 21 days. Changes in the endpoint (visual analogue scale (VAS) score for ocular tolerability, symptom assessment in dry eye (SANDE) score, non-invasive first break-up time (NIF-BUT) results, tear analysis value, meibography results, and CL tolerability results were assessed, comparing treatment groups and time-point evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were also recorded and evaluated.

Results: VAS scores decreased with time (p < 0.001) in both groups, showing no statistically significant difference among them (p = 0.13). Improvements were also detected from screening to end-of-treatment, which were indicated by the SANDE scores for severity and frequency (p < 0.001) and by tear analysis results (p < 0.001) with no observed difference between the Nextal and Respilac arms. NIF-BUT, meibography, and CL tolerability values were shown to be non-significantly affected by treatment and time. There were no AEs detected in this study cohort.

Conclusions: Respilac was confirmed to be effective, safe, and well-tolerated. Lipidure-based ophthalmic solution was shown not to be inferior to the currently used Nextal, however, showing improvements in DED symptoms. Within the existing literature, our study is one of the first to report that MPC plus HPMC-containing eye drops are an effective option for the treatment of moderate dry eye disease and desiccation damage prevention in contact lens wearers.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. (244 kB)
Supplemental Materials

PubMed ID