Safety of Lenadogene Nolparvovec Gene Therapy Over 5 Years in 189 Patients With Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy
To evaluate the safety profile of lenadogene nolparvovec (Lumevoq) in patients with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy.
Pooled analysis of safety data from 5 clinical studies.
A total of 189 patients received single unilateral or bilateral intravitreal injections of a recombinant adeno-associated virus 2 (rAAV2/2) vector encoding the human wild-type ND4 gene. Adverse events (AEs) were collected throughout the studies, up to 5 years. Intraocular inflammation and increased intraocular pressure (IOP) were ocular AEs of special interest. Other assessments included ocular examinations, vector bio-dissemination, and systemic immune responses against rAAV2/2.
Almost all patients (95.2%) received 9 × 1010 viral genomes and 87.8% had at least 2 years of follow-up. Most patients (75.1%) experienced at least one systemic AE, but systemic treatment-related AEs occurred in 3 patients; none were serious. Intraocular inflammation was reported in 75.6% of lenadogene nolparvovec-treated eyes. Almost all intraocular inflammations occurred in the anterior chamber (58.8%) or in the vitreous (40.3%), and were of mild (90.3%) or moderate (8.8%) intensity; most resolved with topical corticosteroids alone. All IOP increases were mild to moderate in intensity. No AE led to study discontinuation. Bio-dissemination of lenadogene nolparvovec and systemic immune response were limited. The safety profile was comparable for patients treated bilaterally and unilaterally.
Lenadogene nolparvovec had a good overall safety profile with excellent systemic tolerability, consistent with limited bio-dissemination. The product was well tolerated, with mostly mild ocular side effects responsive to conventional ophthalmologic treatments.
Vignal-Clermont, Catherine; Yu-Wai-Man, Patrick; Newman, Nancy J.; Carelli, Valerio; Moster, Mark L.; Biousse, Valerie; Subramanian, Prem S.; Wang, An-Guor; Donahue, Sean P.; Leroy, Bart P.; Sadun, Alfredo A.; Klopstock, Thomas; Sergott, Robert C.; Rebolleda Fernandez, Gema; Chwalisz, Bart K.; Banik, Rudrani; Taiel, Magali; Roux, Michel; and Sahel, José-Alain, "Safety of Lenadogene Nolparvovec Gene Therapy Over 5 Years in 189 Patients With Leber Hereditary Optic Neuropathy" (2022). Wills Eye Hospital Papers. Paper 185.
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This article is the author's final published version in the American Journal of Ophthalmology, Volume 249, May 2023, Pg. 108 - 125.
The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2022.11.026. Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.