AIMS: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) has been linked with a worse prognosis. The current study aimed to determine the outcomes of AF catheter ablation in patients with CA.
METHODS AND RESULTS: The Nationwide Readmissions Database (2015-2019) was used to identify patients with AF and concomitant heart failure. Among these, patients who underwent catheter ablation were classified into two groups, patients with and without CA. The adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of index admission and 30-day readmission outcomes was calculated using a propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. A total of 148 134 patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation were identified on crude analysis. Using PSM analysis, 616 patients (293 CA-AF, 323 non-CA-AF) were selected based on a balanced distribution of baseline comorbidities. At index admission, AF ablation in patients with CA was associated with significantly higher adjusted odds of net adverse clinical events (NACE) [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 4.21, 95% CI 1.7-5.20], in-hospital mortality (aOR 9.03, 95% CI 1.12-72.70), and pericardial effusion (aOR 3.30, 95% CI 1.57-6.93) compared with non-CA-AF. There was no significant difference in the odds of stroke, cardiac tamponade, and major bleeding between the two groups. At 30-day readmission, the incidence of NACE and mortality remained high in patients undergoing AF ablation in CA.
CONCLUSION: Compared with non-CA, AF ablation in CA patients is associated with relatively higher in-hospital all-cause mortality and net adverse events both at index admission and up to 30-day follow-up.
Ullah, Waqas; Ruge, MD, Max; Hajduczok, Alexander G.; Kochar, Kirpal; Frisch, Daniel R.; Pavri, Behzad B.; Alvarez, René J; Rajapreyar, Indranee N.; and Brailovsky, Yevgeniy, "Adverse Outcomes of Atrial Fibrillation Ablation in Heart Failure Patients With and Without Cardiac Amyloidosis: A Nationwide Readmissions Database Analysis (2015-2019)" (2023). Jefferson Hospital Staff Papers and Presentations. Paper 26.
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