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Course: LS 803 Contemporary Topics Research

Course Instructor: Dr. Paula McCourt

Department: Medical Laboratory Sciences and Biotechnology Department, Jefferson College of Health Professionals


Hematological malignancies, also known as blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphomas, and myelomas, are a significant health concern globally. The incidence of these malignancies has dramatically increased over time, leukemias being the leading cause. The incidence of blood cancers in Latin America exhibits regional variability, with leukemia being the emerging cause as the most prevalent type in children and young adults. However, the overall incidences are oddly lower than in developed countries, potentially due to the underreporting of the cases and the lack of cancer registries. This situation implies a critical need for improving surveillance and data collection methods to assess the burden of blood cancers in Latin America accurately. Additionally, socioeconomic factors are vital in contributing to the data collection landscape in Latin America. Poverty, along with limited healthcare infrastructure, healthcare professionals, and restricted supplies, among others, hinder diagnosis and treatment. Furthermore, financial access to healthcare and unequal distribution of resources delayed the delivery of timely and appropriate care to patients. Similarly, people living in poverty are less likely to overcome treatment due to malnutrition and other regional diseases affecting their prompt recovery. We will navigate those obstacles and identify the challenges Latin America faces compared to other developed nations.



Included in

Oncology Commons