Introduction: Jefferson currently has a Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) program via an educational component delivered via Zoom to assist patients with managing their diet, exercise, medication changes and understanding the physiology of their conditions. We aim to study the effectiveness of the MNT program, along with the impact of duration of program participation, on weight loss, blood pressure, glucose and total cholesterol. In addition, I am focusing on triglycerides, HDL and LDL. We hypothesize that patients in our MNT program will have lower weight, blood pressure, blood glucose and total cholesterol, with a further positive effect of longer participation in the program.
Methods: Data from EPIC Medical record review and attendance records were collected from a sample of patients in the Jefferson MNT program. Outcomes will be compared controlling for patient demographics (sex, age, race, ethnicity), medical history and comorbidities, medications. Study outcomes are weight, height, BMI, blood glucose, triglycerides, HbA1c, blood pressure and heart rate, before, during and following program participation. Final results will be analyzed using paired t-tests and multivariate analysis.
Results: Of XX patients evaluated (data pending) we found a X% decrease in triglycerides, total cholesterol, and LDL in patients enrolled in the MNT program from start to end. Weight, BMI, blood glucose, cholesterol, HbA1c, heart rate and blood pressure were also reduced, by x, x.., respectively.
Discussion: Patients who complete the MNT program will have improved weight, BMI, blood glucose, triglycerides, HbA1c, heart rate and blood pressure. Implementation of effective weight loss programs is beneficial to improving patients’ quality of life and overall health.
Vitale, Jessica; Baig, Ayesha; Chang, Steven; Kostan, Hannah; McElwee, Connor; Patel, Ketav; and Cheng, Cindy, "Effectiveness of a Primary Care Nutrition Education/VLCD Diet Program" (2021). Phase 1. Paper 63.