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The CDC has cited language barriers and racial discrimination as some of the social determinants of health during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study aims to investigate the socioeconomic factors that affect COVID-19 diagnosis and outcomes in pregnant women. We hypothesize that women whose primary language is not English will have higher rates of COVID-19 compared to women whose primary language is English.


This is a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered at TJUH between 04/13/2020 and 06/31/2020. Data on demographics, SARS-CoV-2 PCR, maternal, fetal, neonatal outcomes were collected. The primary outcome was the proportion of English vs Non-English-speaking patients with and without SARS-CoV-2 positive PCR. Data were analyzed using a Chi-squared test. Multivariable logistic regression will be used to control for the effect of factors including comorbidities and income level. The study was approved by TJUH Institutional Review Board.


Preliminary data are herein reported. 473 women have been included thus far (of 713 eligible), 106 tested positive and 367 tested negative. Overall, the preferred language was English in 78.4%, Spanish in 12.9%, Other in 8.7%. There were significantly more Non-English-speaking patients in the COVID-19 positive group than in the COVID-19 negative group (36.8% vs 17.2%, p<0.001).


Non-English-speaking pregnant women are disproportionally represented in the COVID positive patient population, which supports our hypothesis. This suggest that language is significant barrier to SARS-CoV-2 care, this may be related to other sociodemographic factors. Further analysis will provide data on the impact of this disparity. Data collection will be completed in January 2021.