To evaluate the reasons for transfer as well as the 90-day outcomes of patients who were transferred from a high-volume orthopedic specialty hospital (OSH) following elective spine surgery.
Materials and Methods:
All patients admitted to a single OSH for elective spine surgery from 2014 to 2021 were retrospectively identified. Ninety-day complications, readmissions, revisions, and mortality events were collected and a 3:1 propensity match was conducted.
Thirty-five (1.5%) of 2351 spine patients were transferred, most commonly for arrhythmia (n = 7; 20%). Thirty-three transferred patients were matched to 99 who were not transferred, and groups had similar rates of complications (18.2% vs. 10.1%; P = 0.228), readmissions (3.0% vs. 4.0%; P = 1.000), and mortality (6.1% vs. 0%; P = 0.061).
Overall, this study demonstrates a low transfer rate following spine surgery. Risk factors should continue to be optimized in order to decrease patient risks in the postoperative period at an OSH.
Fried, Tristan B.; Lee, Yunsoo; Heard, Jeremy C.; Siegel, Nicholas S.; Issa, Tariq Z.; Lambrechts, Mark J.; Zaworski, Caroline; Wang, Jasmine; D'Amore, Taylor; Syal, Amit; Lawall, Charles; Mangan, John J.; Canseco, Jose A.; Woods, Barrett I.; Hilibrand, Alan S.; Vaccaro, Alex R.; Kepler, Christopher K.; and Schroeder, Gregory D., "Reasons for Transfer and Subsequent Outcomes Among Patients Undergoing Elective Spine Surgery at an Orthopedic Specialty Hospital" (2023). Rothman Institute Faculty Papers. Paper 225.
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