BACKGROUND: Variable results have been reported regarding the clinical outcomes in Total hip arthroplasty (THA) based on the surgical approach. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes between Direct anterior (DA) and direct lateral (DL) approaches in THA when performed immediately after fellowship training.
METHODS: During the 1st year of practice, all consecutive patients who underwent THA via DA and DL hip approaches were retrospectively investigated. Patients' demographics, diagnosis, American society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score, route of anesthesia, length of hospital stay (LOS), leg length discrepancy (LLD), radiographic parameters, operative time, number of opioids refills postoperatively, and complications were collected and compared between the two groups. The short form of Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome score, Joint Replacement (HOOS, JR) was prospectively collected pre and postoperatively. The minimum follow-up period was 2 years.
RESULTS: Forty patients in DA group and 38 patients in DL group were included. No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of demographics, diagnosis, ASA scores, route of anesthesia at the time of THA, postoperative radiographic parameters, LOS, LLD, opioid refills and HOOS scores (p > 0.05). Patients in the DA group had shorter operative time (83 ± 17 min) when compared to the DL group (93 ± 24 min) (p = 0.03). No major complications were found except for one early deep infection patient in DL group.
CONCLUSION: Both DA and DL approaches resulted in satisfactory outcomes in THA when performed by a fellowship trained surgeon.
Makhdom, Asim M. and Hozack, William J., "Direct Anterior Versus Direct Lateral Hip Approach in Total Hip Arthroplasty With the Same Perioperative Protocols One Year Post Fellowship Training" (2023). Rothman Institute Faculty Papers. Paper 211.
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