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This article is the author's final published version in Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Global research & reviews, Volume 7, Issue 3, March 2023, Article number e22.00180.

The published version is available at Copyright © 2023 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.


INTRODUCTION: The Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (OITE) is a multiple-choice examination developed by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons annually since 1963 to assess orthopaedic residents' knowledge. This study's purpose is to analyze the 2017 to 2021 OITE trauma questions to aid orthopaedic residents preparing for the examination.

METHODS: The 2017 to 2021 OITEs on American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons' ResStudy were retrospectively reviewed to identify trauma questions. Question topic, references, and images were analyzed. Two independent reviewers classified each question by taxonomy.

RESULTS: Trauma represented 16.6% (204/1,229) of OITE questions. Forty-nine percent of trauma questions included images (100/204), 87.0% (87/100) of which contained radiographs. Each question averaged 2.4 references, of which 94.9% were peer-reviewed articles and 46.8% were published within 5 years of the respective OITE. The most common taxonomic classification was T1 (46.1%), followed by T3 (37.7%) and T2 (16.2%).

DISCUSSION: Trauma represents a notable portion of the OITE. Prior OITE trauma analyses were published greater than 10 years ago. Since then, there has been an increase in questions with images and requiring higher cognitive processing. The Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma (24.7%), Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (10.1%), and Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, American Volume (9.3%) remain the most cited sources.

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