Background: Acetabular fractures are frequently associated with post-traumatic arthritis (PTA), for which total hip arthroplasty (THA) has emerged as the established procedure. The purpose of this systematic review is to report the patient outcomes, complications, and implant survival of delayed THA for patients with PTA following acetabular fracture.
Methods: A systematic review was performed in December 2021 as per Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Guidelines to identify all studies reporting outcomes of delayed THA performed for PTA with a history of acetabular fracture. From an initial screen of 893 studies, 29 studies which met defined inclusion criteria including minimum 12 months of follow-up and minimum 10 THA were included in the final review.
Results: A total of 1220 THA were reported across 29 studies, with 1174 THA completing a minimum of 1-year follow-up at a mean of 86 months. All 29 studies reported upon complications, with a control included in 6 for comparison. Higher complication rates were observed both in patients who had prior open reduction internal fixation and conservative treatment, most notably infection which was observed following 3.6% THA. The total joint revision rate was 9.7%. An improvement was noted in all 25 studies which recorded patient-reported outcomes, with a mean rise in the Harris hip score from 45 to 86 across 18 studies.
Conclusions: THA may reduce reported pain levels and improve functional outcomes in selected patients experiencing PTA following acetabular fractures. There is an increased risk of complications, necessitating careful consideration when planning the operation and open discussion with prospective patients and caregivers.
O'Driscoll, Conor S; Davey, Martin S; Hughes, Andrew J; O'Byrne, John M; Leonard, Michael; and O'Daly, Brendan J, "Total Hip Arthroplasty in the Setting of Post-traumatic Arthritis Following Acetabular Fracture: A Systematic Review" (2023). Rothman Institute Faculty Papers. Paper 192.
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