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This article is the author’s final published version in Annals of Joint, Volume 7, Issue 39, October 2022, Pages 1-8.

The published version is available at Copyright © Donahue et al.



Venous thromboembolism (VTE), including both deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is a major complication of musculoskeletal surgery in general, and the risk is heightened in musculoskeletal oncology surgery. Despite the well-known association between cancer and VTE, the mechanism promoting this pathology is not entirely well understood. It is estimated that nearly all cancer patients will experience from some form of VTE, whether or not clinically relevant, during the course of their disease. Nonetheless, numerous studies have analyzed the occurrence and prevention of VTE in patients with cardiovascular disease or suffering trauma, but very few have specifically examined the safety or efficacy of preventing VTE in cancer patients with metastatic skeletal disease. This review will examine the various types of prophylactic treatment, timing of administration, risk stratification for determining the appropriate course of anticoagulation (AC), and discuss current views on chemical prophylaxes relativity to wound complications and excessive bleeding in orthopedic oncology patients. Overall, careful choice of anticoagulant and timing of administration must be made in order to avoid bleeding complications. A risk stratification system to determine which chemical prophylaxis to administered could be beneficial in both reducing the occurrence of VTE and decreasing associated wound complications or mortality. Further study should be conducted to tailor chemical prophylaxes recommendations to this largely affected population and effectively reduce the occurrence of VTE.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.