Background: Anterior cruciate ligament injury may accelerate knee osteoarthritis, and patients with a history of anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) tend to undergo total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at a greater rate than patients without a history of ACLR.
Purpose: To compare clinical outcomes of TKA in patients with and without a history of ACLR through a systematic review.
Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 3.
Methods: A comprehensive search of the PubMed (MEDLINE), Cochrane Central, and SPORTDiscus databases from inception through November 2018 was performed to identify studies directly comparing outcomes of TKA between patients with and without a history of ipsilateral ACLR. Eligible studies were included in this review if they reported at least 1 outcome measure.
Results: Included for review were 5 retrospective case-control studies collectively evaluating TKA outcomes in 318 patients (176 males, 142 females) with a history of ACLR and 455 matched controls. The mean age in the ACLR and control groups was 58.5 years and 60.9 years, respectively. The mean follow-up period after arthroplasty was 3.4 years in the ACLR group and 3.3 years in the control group. The mean time between ACLR and arthroplasty was 21.8 years. Three studies noted greater operative time in the ACLR group than in the control group. No differences in intraoperative blood loss were reported. Greater preoperative extension deficits were noted in the ACLR group in 2 studies. Two studies reported increased preoperative Knee Society Score function scores in the ACLR group, but no differences in postoperative subjective outcome scores were noted in any of the studies. One study reported increased incidence of periprosthetic joint infection and a higher total reoperation rate in the ACLR group, and another study reported an increased incidence of manipulation under anesthesia in the ACLR group.
Conclusion: Short- and midterm subjective scores and functional outcomes of TKA appear to be comparable in patients with and without a history of ACLR, although the risk for reoperation after TKA may be greater in patients with prior ACLR. Surgeons should anticipate increased operative time in patients with a history of ACLR. However, the findings of this review must be interpreted within the context of its limitations.
Recommended CitationChaudhry, Zaira S.; Salem, Hytham S.; Purtill, James J.; and Hammoud, Sommer, "Does Prior Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Affect Outcomes of Subsequent Total Knee Arthroplasty? A Systematic Review." (2019). Rothman Institute Faculty Papers. Paper 114.
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