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Red blood cell distribution width (RDW), a measure of variability in size of circulating erythrocytes, is routinely reported in complete blood cell analysis, and together with mean cell volume (MCV) has conventionally been used to distinguish the cause of anemia. It is calculated by (Standard deviation of MCV÷ mean MCV) x 100, with normal range being 11.5%-14.5%. Several recent publications have described RDW as an independent predictor of adverse outcome and mortality in patients with different underlying medical conditions such as acute and chronic heart failure, peripheral artery disease, chronic pulmonary disease and acute kidney injury1. The purposes of this study were 1) to investigate possible relationship between RDW levels and length of stay (LOS) and mortality following revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA), and if that correlation existed, 2) to develop predictive models for LOS and mortality based on preoperative patient-related factors including RDW values.

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