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80% of active TB cases in the US originate from reactivation of Latent Tuberculosis Infection (LTBI), identifying treatment of LTBI as a public health imperative. All incoming refugees at the Jefferson Center for Refugee Health (JCRH) are screened for LTBI upon arrival. Incidence of LTBI and compliance rates were assessed using a retrospective chart review and analysis of prescription refill records. The study showed 23.1% of incoming refugees were diagnosed with LTBI. Once treatment was initiated, only 33.1% were completed, while 56.2% were lost to follow up. Nepali women showed the highest rates of adherence, while Iraqi women and Burmese men were least likely to complete treatment. This data suggests a need for novel interventions to improve compliance.

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