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  • Bolivia is the least developed country in South America, with high levels of poverty, poor access to safe water, and low economic activity. Bolivia’s GDP, in US dollars, in 2013 was $30.60 billion and the gross national income, per capita in US dollars was $2,550, which both rank either at or near the bottom of the list for all South American countries (7).
  • The Ministry of Health and Sports (MSD) is the national governing body responsible for formulating the strategy, policies, plans and programs in health. The Department of Health Services (SEDES) is the highest level of technical health management in the regional government. Bolivia is split into nine different regions: La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Pando, Beni, Oruro, Potosí, Chuquisaca, and Tarija. (3).
  • The first AIDS case was diagnosed in Bolivia in 1984 in the city of Santa Cruz, which is the country’s largest and most prosperous city. From 1984 until February 2014, the number of officially registered cases in the HIV/AIDS Program of the Ministry of Health and Sports is 11,421 people (3).
  • The departments that have registered the most cases of HIV are Santa Cruz (52%), Cochabamba (20%) and La Paz (17%)

Most of the detected cases are in urban or suburban areas, as these three cities constitute three of the four largest cities in Bolivia (3).