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The difficulties that women face during substance abuse recovery and re-integration into society after incarceration are staggering in number and combined severity. Over the last several decades, a substantial body of research has investigated the psychological, neurobiological, and public health aspects of the actual experience – as well as the sustained perception of – resource depletion that everyday life in low-income communities creates. The tide of research is now headed towards evaluating new treatment strategies that respond to the understanding gained from this research. Mindfulness Training (MT) is one strategy that promises particular efficacy in addressing the root of these difficulties, as they pertain to the individual person. For the population represented by the women in recovery at Mercy Hospice in Philadelphia, PA, the future will hopefully include research the explores this technique and demonstrates its superiority in terms of helping patients to cope with stress and maintain sobriety.