PURPOSE: Infants with recurrent infection may be found to have hypogammaglobulinemia without impaired specific antibody responses. Many will be diagnosed with transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy.
METHODS: This study used a parametric survival analysis of 100 infants with hypogammaglobulinemia to predict time to normalization.
RESULTS: Aggregate initial immunoglobulins (IgG + IgA + IgM), as a percentage of age-adjusted normal, predicted time to resolution: median time to resolution for the infants in the lowest quartile of aggregate levels (≤81 % of age-adjusted lower limits) was greater than 5 years, with 34 % resolving in 3 years. For infants in the highest quartile (≥130 % of age-adjusted lower limits), the median was 9.9 months, with 77 % resolving in 3 years (P = 0.008). Initial IgG level, as a percentage of age-adjusted normal, also predicted resolution: the median time in the lowest quartile (≤78 % of age-adjusted lower limits) was greater than 5 years, with 36 % resolving in 3 years. In the highest quartile (≥128 %), the median time was 14.5 months, with 70 % resolving in 3 years (P = 0.010). Male sex was associated with more rapid resolution. The median time in males was 13 months, with 73 % resolution in 3 years. The median time in females was greater than 5 years, with 32 % resolution in 3 years.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that if a term infant presents with hypogammaglobulinemia, protective specific antibody titers, and an absence of other known immune deficiency, initial immunoglobulin levels and sex may predict time to normalization.
Recommended CitationVan Winkle, Robert C.; Hauck, Walter W.; and McGeady, Stephen J., "Phenotypic parameters predict time to normalization in infants with hypogammaglobulinemia." (2013). Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers. Paper 60.