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Pediatric patients undergo tracheostomy for a variety of reasons; however, medical complexity is common among these patients. Although tracheostomy may help to facilitate discharge, these patients may be at increased risk for hospital readmission. The purpose of this study was to evaluate our institutional rate of 30-day readmission for patients discharged with new tracheostomies and to identify risk factors associated with readmission.

Study Design:

A retrospective cohort study was conducted for all pediatric patients ages 0-18 years with new tracheostomies at our institution over a 36-month period.


A chart review was performed for all newly tracheostomizedchildren from 2013 to 2016. We investigated documented readmissions within 30 days of discharge, reasons for readmission, demographic variables including age and ethnicity, initial discharge disposition, co-morbidities, and socioeconomic status estimated by mean household income by parental zip code.


45 patients were discharged during the study time period. A total of 13 (28.9%) required readmission within 30 days of discharge. Among these 13 patients, the majority (61.5%) were readmitted for lower airway concerns, many (30.8%) were admitted for reasons unrelated to tracheostomy or respiratory concerns, and only one patient (7.7%) was readmitted for a reason related to tracheostomy itself (tracheostomalbreakdown). Age, ethnicity, discharge disposition, co-morbidities, and socioeconomic status were not associated with differences in readmission rates. Patients readmitted within 30 days had a higher number of admissions within the first year.


Pediatric patients with new tracheostomies are at high risk for readmission after discharge from initial hospitalization. The readmissions are most likely secondary to underlying medical complexity rather than issues related specifically to the tracheostomy procedure.

Publication Date



Risk Factor Analysis for 30-Day Readmission Rates of Newly Tracheostomized Children, Thomas Jefferson University, HOUSE STAFF QUALITY IMPROVEMENT AND PATIENT SAFETY POSTERS


Medicine and Health Sciences

Risk Factor Analysis for 30-Day Readmission Rates of Newly Tracheostomized Children