BACKGROUND: There are numerous studies demonstrating that closed suction drainage (CSD) usage after primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) has little to no benefit. There are little data on the role of CSDs after revision TJA. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether there is any clinical advantage to CSD usage after revision TJA.
METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the clinical records of 2,030 patients undergoing revision TJA between 2007 and 2021. CSD was used in 472 patients and not used in 1,558 patients. Primary outcome was blood transfusion rate and secondary outcomes included total blood loss (TBL), as determined by Gross formula, wound complications (hematoma, infection, and dehiscence), and length of hospital stay. Patients undergoing revision TJA for oncologic reasons or those with incomplete datasets were excluded.
RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in rates of allogeneic blood transfusion, TBL, and wound complications (hematoma, infection, and dehiscence) between the two groups (P = .159, .983, .192, .334, and .548, respectively). When adjusted for demographic and surgical confounders, there was no difference in transfusion and TBL rates between groups (Odds Ratio 1.04, 95% Confidence Interval 0.78-1.38, P = .780 and estimate -105.71 mL, 95% confidence interval -333.96 to 122.55, P = .364, respectively). CSD cohort had a shorter length of stay (4.30 versus 5.82 days, P < .001).
CONCLUSION: We acknowledge that there is a role for CSD usage in a selected group of patients. Nevertheless, our study revealed that routine use of CSD after revision TJA does not provide an additional clinical benefit.
Najafi, Farideh; Stein, Jonah M.; Peterson, Nicholas V.; Meghpara, Michael; Sherman, Matthew B.; Restrepo, Camilo; and Parvizi, Javad, "Routine Use of Closed Suction Drains Following Revision Arthroplasty May Not be Necessary" (2022). Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers. Paper 182.
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