Background: This is the first report on the incidence of proximal humerus osseous changes and associated clinical consequences in reverse total shoulder arthroplasty combined with a latissimus dorsi tendon transfer (RTSA+LDT).
Methods: A multicenter, retrospective review identified all patients who had undergone a primary RTSA+LDT and had at least 3-month radiographic follow-up between 2012 and 2017. Data collection included demographics, oral steroid use, repair technique for LDT fixation, radiographic humeral osseous changes, complications, and need for revision surgery.
Results: Twenty-four patients were included with an average age of 70.7 ± 7.9 years and follow-up of 16.3 (3-50) months. Ten patients (41.7%) developed osseous changes at the transfer location. There was no increased risk of developing osseous changes based on the surgical fixation technique (P = .421). Average time to earliest radiographic detection of osseous changes was 2.7 ± 1.7 months, with all changes occurring at or before 6 months. Two patients developed proximal humerus fractures, of which 1 had osseous changes through which the fracture occurred.
Discussion: RTSA+LDT may place the proximal humeral cortex at greater risk than previously described. Using a long-stem prosthesis in the setting of RTSA+LDT may limit the consequences of this complication.
Klein, Jason S; Johnston, Peter S; Sears, Benjamin W; Patel, Manan S; Hatzidakis, Armodios M; and Lazarus, Mark D., "Osseous changes following reverse total shoulder arthroplasty combined with latissimus dorsi transfer: a case series" (2020). Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Faculty Papers. Paper 153.
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