Introduction: Paternal support during pregnancy is considered a predictor of positive birth outcomes. Little research has focused on partner involvement and its impact on maternal health habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
This was a cross sectional study
Pregnant women (n=198) between the ages of 18 – 44 and their partners (n=60)
Women who identified their partner as their main support
Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (scale from 5 - 35)
ANOVA and Student’s t-test were used to evaluate Norbeck scores and smoking/ drinking status
Study personnel interviewed subjects to assess reliance on a partner
Results: Average support score for women who smoked was 30.5 versus 32.45 for nonsmoking women (p value = 0.23). Women who reported never drinking during pregnancy had an average support score of 32.5, versus 31.3 for women who reported drinking 1-2 times/year, 31.6 for women who reported drinking 2-4 times/month, and 33.2 for women who reported drinking 2-5 times/week (p-value = 0.27). Women who reported relying on their partner were less likely to smoke, 5.1% versus 17.9% (p=0.015) and use alcohol, 26.1% versus 42.9% (p=0.071).
Conclusions: There is no statistically significant difference in the amount of social support that pregnant women who smoke or drink alcohol feel compared to women who do not smoke or drink. Partner support on the Norbeck was not associated with health behaviors. Increased self-reported partner reliance is associated with decreased rates of smoking and alcohol in pregnant women.
Recommended CitationCapponi, MSII, Sarah; Cohen, MSII, katelyn; Nyamukapa, MPH, Mazvita; Baxter, MD, Jason K.; and Worly, MD, Brett, "Partner Support During Pregnancy and its Influence on Maternal Health Behaviors" (2014). Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Presentations and Grand Rounds. Paper 1.