BACKGROUND: Expanded carrier screening (ECS) utilizes high-throughput next-generation sequencing to evaluate an individual's carrier status for multiple conditions. Combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria (CMAMMA) due to ACSF3 deficiency is a rare inherited disease included in such screening panels. Some cases have been reported with metabolic symptoms in childhood yet other cases describe a benign clinical course, suggesting the clinical phenotype is not well defined.
METHODS/CASE REPORT: Clinical and laboratory findings during the prenatal period were obtained retrospectively from medical records.
RESULTS: A 37-year-old nulliparous woman and her partner were each identified as carriers of ACSF3 variants and presented at 9 weeks gestation for prenatal genetic consultation. The couple received extensive genetic counseling and proceeded with chorionic villus sampling at 11 weeks gestation. Subsequent analysis confirmed that the fetus inherited both parental ACSF variants. The couple was devastated by the results and after reviewing options of pregnancy continuation and termination, they decided to terminate the pregnancy. Following this decision, the patient was diagnosed with acute stress disorder.
CONCLUSION: This case highlights how expanded carrier screening adds complexity to reproductive decision-making. Stronger guidelines and additional research are needed to direct and evaluate the timing, composition, and implementation of ECS panels.
Gabriel, Marie Cosette; Rice, Stephanie M.; Sloan, Jennifer L.; Mossayebi, Matthew H.; Venditti, Charles P.; and Al-Kouatly, Huda B., "Considerations of expanded carrier screening: Lessons learned from combined malonic and methylmalonic aciduria." (2021). Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers. Paper 70.
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