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This article is the author’s final published version in Neoplasia (United States), Volume 36, December 2022, Article number 100869.

The published version is available at Copyright © Haldar et al.


Introduction: Despite advancements in molecular and histopathologic characterization of pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGGs), there remains significant phenotypic heterogeneity among tumors with similar categorizations. We hypothesized that an unsupervised machine learning approach based on radiomic features may reveal distinct pLGG imaging subtypes.

Methods: Multi-parametric MR images (T1 pre- and post-contrast, T2, and T2 FLAIR) from 157 patients with pLGGs were collected and 881 quantitative radiomic features were extracted from tumorous region. Clustering was performed using K-means after applying principal component analysis (PCA) for feature dimensionality reduction. Molecular and demographic data was obtained from the PedCBioportal and compared between imaging subtypes.

Results: K-means identified three distinct imaging-based subtypes. Subtypes differed in mutational frequencies of BRAF (p < 0.05) as well as the gene expression of BRAF (p<0.05). It was also found that age (p < 0.05), tumor location (p < 0.01), and tumor histology (p < 0.0001) differed significantly between the imaging subtypes.

Conclusion: In this exploratory work, it was found that clustering of pLGGs based on radiomic features identifies distinct, imaging-based subtypes that correlate with important molecular markers and demographic details. This finding supports the notion that incorporation of radiomic data could augment our ability to better characterize pLGGs.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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