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Presentation: 5:52

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Background: Cancer remains the second leading cause of death in the United States and is expected to account for over 600,000 mortalities in 2022. Adolescents and young adults are a unique population amongst cancer patients who experience enhanced hardships due to differences in biology as well as everyday exposures or behaviors. This results in significant impacts on quality of life that can potentially be reduced using mobile health interventions.

Methods: PubMed and Scopus were searched in collaboration with a university librarian for studies published after the year 2008 that reported quantitative data on mobile health interventions amongst adolescents and young adults with cancer. A rapid literature review was conducted to determine the potential effect of these interventions on quality of life for adolescent and young adult cancer patients.

Results: Six studies were included in this study for full text review and sample sizes ranged from 20 to 59 participants, while participant ages ranges from 13 to 33. There were five studies that reported a significant association between using mHealth and quality of life. Three of these five studies observed decreases in quality of life. The one study that did not report significant results saw slight improvements to quality of life.

Conclusions: The results of this study bring into question the future use of mobile health to improve quality of life for adolescents or young adults with cancer. The nature of this disease despite the possibility of surviving, creates a significant burden on quality of life that may be irreversible using current mobile health interventions.