Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Approximately 660,000 people in the United States die from cardiovascular disease each year. High blood pressure or hypertension can increase the risk of cardiovascular related mortality. High blood pressure may not have any symptoms noticed by an individual, so it is not always clear that someone has this condition. So, it is a public health issue to pursue public health interventions to raise awareness and understanding. In doing so, it is important to understand that the prevalence of hypertension varies among racial and ethnic populations. For example, the prevalence of high blood pressure is 54% among African Americans adults living in the United States. African Americans with high blood pressure are experiencing excess morbidity and mortality. A factor that contributes to this overall prevalence disparity is health literacy. There are 87 million adults in the United States who have low health literacy. By understanding the drivers of poor health literacy, specifically among African Americans, efforts may be more informed and thus effective at improving health literacy. This review will explore health literacy in the African American population in the United States related to hypertension. Articles will be collected and analyzed from PubMed and Google Scholar. The review will be conducted by using keywords and MeSH terms related to African Americans and healthy literacy. By analyzing the data, the review hopes to showcase that health literacy is the foundation to promoting health and wellness within the African American population that has been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.
Recommended CitationHill, Jimar, "A Rapid Systematic Review of Health Literacy in the African American Population Related to Hypertension and Efforts to Address this Public Health Issue" (2022). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 423.