Every day in the city of Philadelphia, 5 children are involved in traffic-related incidents. Each year, over 100 people are killed in traffic accidents, and 250 more are seriously injured. Philadelphia has one of the highest rates of traffic-related deaths in the US. Fatal or serious crashes are more than twice as likely in low-income areas of the city and 30% more likely to occur in areas where most of the population are people of color. Before beginning to craft and implement policies to improve public safety, locations of incidents, ethnicities and home neighborhoods of victims, insurance types, and hospital care path are imperative to understand. This study serves as a pioneer to gather and statistically analyze data on traffic-related incidents. It will demonstrate that such a study is logistically possible and as more trauma units within the Jefferson enterprise are added, future data will become more robust and help to inform public health policy and hospital guidelines. In examining admissions to Jefferson’s Center City/Methodist trauma unit from 2007 to 2016, we analyzed 2,392 traffic-related incidences, and subsequent admissions, across the city. The mean age of the patient population studied in our sample was 44 years with an average Glasgow Coma Score of 13.42. The median length of stay (LOS) was 5 days, and a larger percentage of the patients examined in our study were male and Caucasian compared to the Philadelphia population. The most reported symptom was loss of consciousness, reported in 660 patients, and the most prescribed medication class was opiates, prescribed to 2,026 patients. A correlation was found between Injury Severity Score and LOS. This study helps to better understand the patients we serve and identify trends that we hope will contribute to ongoing efforts addressing traffic-related deaths at the Jefferson Enterprise.
Ahmed, Masihuddin, "Trends of Traffic-Related Injuries Treated Across a Jefferson Health Trauma Center" (2020). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 381.