Child lead exposure results in adverse health effects such as damage to the brain and nervous system, slowed growth and development, and behavioral problems. Although lead exposure through dust and soil contributes to child lead poisoning, the main culprit, especially in Philadelphia, is from lead-based paint that is still present in older housing units. Using the CDC’s Policy Analytical Framework, a policy analysis was done to assess the efficacy of current lead laws in Philadelphia. The laws were compared to one another and ranked by their public health, economic, and budgetary impacts. The laws that met the criteria were the Philadelphia Lead Paint Disclosure and Certification Law, the Rental Property Lead Certification Law, and Testing Lead Levels in Children. The Lead Paint Disclosure Law and Rental Property Lead Certification Law were high public health impacts due to their primary prevention measures. Testing Lead Levels in Children was a medium impact due to the law being a secondary prevention measure but had a high economic impact because most insurance companies cover lead testing costs. The findings highlighted environmental racism, lack of compliance, and lack of funding to implement these laws. Some recommendations include creating a funding program for landlords, establishing prioritization of neighborhoods with a high prevalence of lead, and increased collaboration with stakeholders. With these recommendations, Lead laws in Philadelphia will be more effective at reducing child lead exposure.
Recommended CitationNaqvi, Mahrukh, "Assessing Child Lead Exposure in Philadelphia: A Policy Analysis" (2021). Master of Public Health Capstone Presentations. Presentation 374.