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Children living in poverty who live without their biological fathers are at higher risk for negative short and long-term outcomes that can have adverse effects over a lifetime. Children without paternal engagement are more likely to have poor health, drop out of school, and experience early pregnancy and increased interaction with law enforcement. The objective of this paper is to gain an understanding of the barriers to and facilitators of building and sustaining non-custodial paternal engagement with children living in poverty. To inform social support programs and policymakers, a rapid systematic review of the literature was performed to explore current perspectives on this issue. In the current review, four themes were highlighted as predictors of and facilitators for father and child engagement for children living in poverty: The paternal family of origin, paternal perceptions of the parenting role, program interventions, and quality of interactions. This paper summarizes these four themes that play a role in improving the father-child relationship, as well as child well-being.