Upon T-cell activation, the levels of the secondary messenger diacylglycerol (DAG) at the plasma membrane need to be controlled to ensure appropriate T-cell receptor signaling and T-cell functions. Extended-Synaptotagmins (E-Syts) are a family of inter-organelle lipid transport proteins that bridge the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane. In this study, we identify a novel regulatory mechanism of DAG-mediated signaling for T-cell effector functions based on E-Syt proteins. We demonstrate that E-Syts downmodulate T-cell receptor signaling, T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity, degranulation, and cytokine production by reducing plasma membrane levels of DAG. Mechanistically, E-Syt2 predominantly modulates DAG levels at the plasma membrane in resting-state T cells, while E-Syt1 and E-Syt2 negatively control T-cell receptor signaling upon stimulation. These results reveal a previously underappreciated role of E-Syts in regulating DAG dynamics in T-cell signaling.
Benavides, Nathalia and Giraudo, Claudio G., "Extended-Synaptotagmin-1 and -2 Control T Cell Signaling and Function" (2023). Department of Microbiology and Immunology Faculty Papers. Paper 183.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.