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This article is the author's final published version in Oral Oncology, Volume 149, February 2024, Article number 106634.

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OBJECTIVES: Currently, no systemic treatments are approved for patients with recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). PRT543, a protein arginine methyltransferase 5 inhibitor that downregulates NOTCH1 and MYB signalling in tumours, is a potential candidate for R/M ACC treatment. We report the safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy of PRT543 in a dose-expansion cohort of patients with R/M ACC.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This phase I multicentre, open-label, sequential-cohort, dose-escalation and dose-expansion study (NCT03886831) enrolled patients with advanced solid tumours and select haematologic malignancies. Dose-escalation study design and results were reported previously. In the dose expansion, patients with R/M ACC received recommended phase II doses of 35 or 45 mg PRT543 orally on days 1-5 of each week. Primary objectives were to establish the safety and tolerability of PRT543. Secondary objectives included efficacy.

RESULTS: Between February 2019 and May 2022, 56 patients with ACC were enrolled across 23 US sites and received either 35 mg (n = 28) or 45 mg (n = 28) of PRT543. Overall, 23% of patients experienced a grade 3 treatment-related adverse event, most commonly anaemia (16%) and thrombocytopaenia (9%). No grade 4/5 treatment-emergent adverse events were reported. Median progression-free survival was 5.9 months (95% CI: 3.8-8.3). The clinical benefit rate was 57% (95% CI: 43-70). Overall response rate (per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours v1.1) was 2%, with 70% of patients having stable disease.

CONCLUSION: In this analysis, PRT543 was tolerable, and the observed efficacy was limited in patients with R/M ACC.

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