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This article is the author's final published version in Molecular Therapy Nucleic Acids, Volume 35, Issue 2, 2024, Article number 102211.

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Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA (MPS IVA) is caused by a deficiency of the galactosamine (N-acetyl)-6-sulfatase (GALNS) enzyme responsible for the degradation of specific glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). The progressive accumulation of GAGs leads to various skeletal abnormalities (short stature, hypoplasia, tracheal obstruction) and several symptoms in other organs. To date, no treatment is effective for patients with bone abnormalities. To improve bone pathology, we propose a novel combination treatment with the adeno-associated virus (AAV) vectors expressing GALNS enzyme and a natriuretic peptide C (CNP; NPPC gene) as a growth-promoting agent for MPS IVA. In this study, an MPS IVA mouse model was treated with an AAV vector expressing GALNS combined with another AAV vector expressing NPPC gene, followed for 12 weeks. After the combination therapy, bone growth in mice was induced with increased enzyme activity in tissues (bone, liver, heart, lung) and plasma. Moreover, there were significant changes in bone morphology in CNP-treated mice with increased CNP activity in plasma. Delivering combinations of CNP and GALNS gene therapies enhanced bone growth in MPS IVA mice more than in GALNS gene therapy alone. Enzyme expression therapy alone fails to reach the bone growth region; our results indicate that combining it with CNP offers a potential alternative.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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