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This article is the author's final published version in AJPM Focus, Volume 3, Issue 3, 2024, Article number 100201.

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INTRODUCTION: Risk of complications due to gestational diabetes mellitus is increasing in the U.S., particularly among individuals from racial minorities. Research has focused largely on clinical interventions to prevent complications, rarely on individuals' residential environments. This retrospective cohort study aims to examine the association between individuals' neighborhoods and complications of gestational diabetes mellitus.

METHODS: Demographic and clinical data were extracted from electronic health records and linked to American Community Survey data from the U.S. Census Bureau for 2,047 individuals who had 2,164 deliveries in 2014-2018. Data were analyzed in 2021-2022 using Wilcoxon rank sum test and chi-square test for bivariate analyses and logistic regression for analysis of independent effects. All census tract-based variables used in the model were dichotomized at the median.

RESULTS: Bivariate analysis showed that the average percentage of adults earning

CONCLUSIONS: Clinical interventions in concert with environmental changes could contribute to preventing maternal and neonatal complications of gestational diabetes mellitus.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

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