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This article, originally published by Dove Medical Press, is the author's final published version in Journal of Pain Research, Volume 17, 2024, Pages 525 - 533.

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Copyright © 2024 Hildenbrand et al.


PURPOSE: We examine referral sources and clinical characteristics for youth presenting to an outpatient interdisciplinary pediatric chronic pain program.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Referral data were extracted from the electronic health record. PROMIS Pediatric Anxiety and Pain Interference Scales were administered at an initial evaluation visit.

RESULTS: The program received 1488 referrals between 2016 and 2019, representing 1338 patients, with increasing volume of referrals over time. Referrals were primarily from orthopedics (19.6%), physical medicine and rehabilitation (18.8%), neurology (14.4%), and rheumatology (12.6%). Patients referred were primarily female (75.4%), White (80.1%), English-speaking (98.4%) adolescents (median=15.0 years). Of those referred, 732 (54.7%) attended an interdisciplinary evaluation (ie, with ≥2 disciplines). Adolescent anxiety was within the expected range by self-report (N=327, M

CONCLUSION: Results highlight the demand for outpatient interdisciplinary pediatric chronic pain treatment. Findings can inform decisions related to staffing and service design for pediatric hospitals that aim to establish or grow outpatient pediatric chronic pain programs.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 License

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