BACKGROUND: High shear force critically regulates platelet adhesion and thrombus formation during ischemic vascular events. To identify genetic factors that influence platelet thrombus formation under high shear stress, we performed a genome-wide association study and confirmatory experiments in human and animal platelets.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Closure times in the shear-dependent platelet function analyzer (PFA)-100 were measured on healthy, nondiabetic European Americans (n=125) and blacks (n=116). A genome-wide association (P
CONCLUSIONS: We show for the first time that (1) platelets contain supervillin; (2) platelet thrombus formation in the PFA-100 is associated with human SVIL variants and low SVIL expression; and (3) murine platelets lacking supervillin exhibit enhanced platelet thrombus formation at high shear stress. These data are consistent with an inhibitory role for supervillin in platelet adhesion and arterial thrombosis.
Recommended CitationEdelstein, Leonard C.; Luna, Elizabeth J.; Gibson, Ian B.; Bray, Molly; Jin, Ying; Kondkar, Altaf; Nagalla, Srikanth; Hadjout-Rabi, Nacima; Smith, Tara C.; Covarrubias, Daniel; Jones, Stephen N.; Ahmad, Firdos; Stolla, Moritz; Kong, Xianguo; Fang, Zhiyou; Bergmeier, Wolfgang; Shaw, Chad; Leal, Suzanne M.; and Bray, Paul, "Human genome-wide association and mouse knockout approaches identify platelet supervillin as an inhibitor of thrombus formation under shear stress." (2012). Department of Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 213.