PARP Inhibitors for the Treatment of BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
BACKGROUND: The PARP inhibitors (PARPis) olaparib and talazoparib are currently approved for the treatment of deleterious germline BRCA1/2-mutated (gBRCA+) metastatic breast cancer (MBC). These approvals were based on improvements in progression-free survival (PFS) observed in two randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Other PARPis, such as veliparib and niraparib, have also been studied. We conducted this meta-analysis of RCTs to assess the PFS and overall survival (OS) benefits of PARPis in gBRCA + MBC.
METHODS: We performed a systematic search for RCTs using the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases up to March 2021. Only phase II and III RCTs evaluating PFS and OS for PARPis alone or in combination with chemotherapy (CT) and comparing the findings with standard CT were included in this meta-analysis. Pooled analysis of the hazard ratio (HR) was performed with RevMan v5.4 using a random effects method.
RESULTS: Five RCTs with a total of 1563 BRCA-mutated MBC patients were included in this meta-analysis. Temozolomide was used in the treatment arm in the BROCADE trial. Since temozolomide has limited effects on breast cancer, this arm was excluded from our meta-analysis. A statistically significant increase in PFS was observed in the PARPi group compared to the standard CT group (HR, 0.64; 95% CI, 0.56-0.74; P < 0.00001). However, the differences in OS did not reach statistical significance (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.77-1.02; P = 0.09). Moreover, differences were not observed in the adverse event profile between the two groups (odds ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 0.84-1.64; P = 0.33).
CONCLUSION: The results of our meta-analysis confirm the previously reported PFS benefit of PARPis over standard CT. PARPis lead to superior PFS in gBRCA + MBC when used alone or in combination with standard CT. The OS benefit is similar between PARPis and standard CT. Ongoing trials are evaluating the benefits of PARPis in early stage gBRCA + BC.
Kunwor, Ranju; Silver, Daniel P.; and Abu-Khalaf, Maysa, "PARP Inhibitors for the Treatment of BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis" (2023). Kimmel Cancer Center Faculty Papers. Paper 97.
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This article is the author's final published version in Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Therapy, Volume 16, Issue 3, 2023, Article number 3.
The published version is available at https://doi.org/10.56875/2589-0646.1033. Copyright © 2023 King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre.