Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Women with Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and cardiometabolic effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in women with overweight or obesity.
METHODS: Eighty-six women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m
RESULTS: Compared to health education, the MBSR group demonstrated significantly improved mindfulness at 8 weeks (mean change from baseline, 4.5 vs. -1.0; P = 0.03) and significantly decreased perceived stress at 16 weeks (-3.6 vs. -1.3, P = 0.01). In the MBSR group, there were significant reductions in fasting glucose at 8 weeks (-8.9 mg/dL, P = 0.02) and at 16 weeks (-9.3 mg/dL, P = 0.02) compared to baseline. Fasting glucose did not significantly improve in the health education group. There were no significant changes in blood pressure, weight, or insulin resistance in the MBSR group.
CONCLUSIONS: In women with overweight or obesity, MBSR significantly reduces stress and may have beneficial effects on glucose. Future studies demonstrating long-term cardiometabolic benefits of MBSR will be key for establishing MBSR as an effective tool in the management of obesity.
Raja-Khan, Nazia; Agito, Katrina; Shah, Julie; Stetter, Christy M; Gustafson, Theresa S; Socolow, Holly; Kunselman, Allen R; Reibel, Diane K.; and Legro, Richard S, "Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in Women with Overweight or Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial." (2017). Marcus Institute of Integrative Health Faculty Papers. Paper 26.
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This is the final published version of the article from the journal Obesity, 2017 Aug;25(8):1349-1359.
The article is also available on the journal's website: https://doi.org/10.1002/oby.21910
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