In the present study, we introduce a collocation approach utilizing quintic B-spline functions as bases for solving systems of Lane Emden equations which have various applications in theoretical physics and astrophysics. The method derives a solution for the provided system by converting it into a set of algebraic equations with unknown coefficients, which can be easily solved to determine these coefficients. Examining the convergence theory of the proposed method reveals that it yields a fourth-order convergent approximation. It is confirmed that the outcomes are consistent with the theoretical investigation. Tables and graphs illustrate the proficiency and consistency of the proposed method. Findings validate that the newly employed method is more accurate and effective than other approaches found in the literature. All calculations have been performed using Mathematica software.
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Ala’yed, Osama; Qazza, Ahmad; Saadeh, Rania; and Alkhazaleh, Osama, "A Quintic B-Spline Technique for a System of Lane-Emden Equations Arising in Theoretical Physical Applications" (2024). College of Humanities and Sciences Faculty Papers. Paper 19.