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This article is the author's final published version in Journal of Clinical Medicine, Volume 13, Issue 1, 2023, Article number 88.

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Copyright © 2023 by the authors


(1) Background: There are limited data available to guide clinical decision-making regarding the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in post-menopausal women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In this study, we sought to characterize a population of post-menopausal women with IBD and to determine the effects of HRT on their disease activity. (2) Methods: A multicenter, retrospective, case–control cohort study of post-menopausal women with IBD was conducted. The physician global assessment (PGA) score was used to quantify disease activity. To control for the effects of menopause, IBD patients who had not undergone HRT were used as controls. (3) Results: There was a significant reduction in the frequency of PGA scores ≥2 post HRT treatment (p < 0.01). HRT treatment was associated with a 5.6× increase in the odds of post-HRT PGA score improvement compared to controls (OR 5.6; 95% CL 1.6, 19.7) in our univariate logistic regression analysis. (4) Conclusion: Post-menopausal IBD women who underwent HRT therapy showed an improvement in their disease symptoms following HRT compared to post-menopausal women without HRT therapy, who showed no change.

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