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This article is the author's final published version in Nature Communications, Volume 15, Issue 1, 2024, Article number 2701.

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Heart failure is the prevalent complication of acute myocardial infarction. We aim to identify a biomarker for heart failure post-acute myocardial infarction. This observational study includes 1062 and 1043 patients with acute myocardial infarction in the discovery and validation cohorts, respectively. The outcomes are in-hospital and long-term heart failure events. S100A8/A9 is screened out through proteomic analysis, and elevated circulating S100A8/A9 is independently associated with heart failure in discovery and validation cohorts. Furthermore, the predictive value of S100A8/A9 is superior to the traditional biomarkers, and the addition of S100A8/A9 improves the risk estimation using traditional risk factors. We finally report causal effect of S100A8/A9 on heart failure in three independent cohorts using Mendelian randomization approach. Here, we show that S100A8/A9 is a predictor and potentially causal medicator for heart failure post-acute myocardial infarction.

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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