BACKGROUND: Tissue oxygenation index (TOI) using the near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has been demonstrated as a useful indicator to predict return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) among out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in hospital setting. However, it has not been widely examined based on pre-hospital setting.
METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we measured TOI in pre-hospital setting among OHCA patients receiving cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) during ambulance transportation between 2017 and 2018. Throughout the pre-hospital CPR procedure, TOI was continuously measured. The study population was divided into two subgroups: ROSC group and non-ROSC group.
RESULTS: Of the 81 patients included in the final analysis, 26 achieved ROSC and 55 did not achieve ROSC. Patients in the ROSC group were significantly younger, had higher ∆TOI (changes in TOI) (5.8 % vs. 1.3 %; p < 0.01), and were more likely to have shockable rhythms and event witnessed than patients in the non-ROSC group. ∆TOI cut-off value of 5 % had highest sensitivity (65.4 %) and specificity (89.3 %) for ROSC. Patients with a cut-off value ≤-2.0 % did not achieve ROSC and while all OHCA patient with a cut-off value ≥ 8.0 % achieved ROSC. In addition, ROSC group had stronger positive correlation between mean chest compression rate and ∆TOI (r = 0.82) than non-ROSC group (r = 0.50).
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that ∆ TOI could be a useful indicator to predict ROSC in a pre-hospital setting.
Recommended CitationTsukuda, Jumpei; Fujitani, Shigeki; Rahman, Mahbubur; Morisawa, Kenichiro; Kawaguchi, Takeshi; and Taira, Yasuhiko, "Monitoring tissue oxygenation index using near-infrared spectroscopy during pre-hospital resuscitation among out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients: a pilot study" (2021). Department of Emergency Medicine Faculty Papers. Paper 132.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.